Education: History of early technology

November 27, 2017 0 By admin
              The earliest known human artifacts are roughly faked stones used for chopping and scraping, found primarily in eastern Africa, known as old oven tools, they date from about 2.3 million years before present and serve to define the beginning of the stone age. 

The first toolmakers nomadic groups of people who used the sharp edges to prepare food. By about 40,000 years before now, human has begun to use to make a varieties of tools, including pear-shaped axes, scrappers, knives and other instrument of stone, bone and other materials. 
          

             They had also begun to use tools to make clothing and build shelters for protection from inclement weather. The use of tools can be observed in many members of the animal kingdom, but the capacity for creating tools to craft other objects distinguishes human from all other animals.

              In addition, in history of technology, there was control of fire by stiking flint against pyrites to produce sparks, people could kindle fire at will, thereby freeing themselves from the necessity of perpetuating fire obtained from natural resources. 

           Besides the obvious light and heat, fire was also used to bake clay pots, producing heat resistant vessels that were then used for cooking and fermenting. 
Fired pottery later provided the crucibles  in which metals could be refined. Advanced thought processes may well have first domesticated animal, the dog, was tanned. Indeed, many historical ages are identified by their domesticated technology. 
     
             The bronze age, industrial age and information age. 
This goes confirmed that technology derived changes have in the past century.
This refers to both the creation of new techniques and to a change in technical specification that defines  an existing production processes, its components, and their relationship to each other. 

              The input mix process parameter and product characteristics just to mention few.

               This can be defined as the great variety of knowledge and skills which firms and countries are to acquire, assimilate, use adapt, change and create technology. 
It goes beyond engineering and technology know how to include organizational know how knowledge of behavioural patterns of workers, suppliers and customers.

             This knowledge and skills comes from interactive trial arid error, cumulative learning, by doing by using and by interacting within firms ( between marketing and production, between production and design, between research and development, marketing and production and between the firm and its customers and suppliers. 
Similarly, technological and capability can be categorized into six parts, which are ;
1.    Production
2.    Investment
3.    Minor technical chance
4.    Linkage and
5.    Major technical change capabilities.

The first three are those required at the early stages of industrialization while the last three are required at the later stage.